(Hystricidae is the old scientific name for the family of rodents to which the porcupine belongs. " They all have at least some hair modified into quills. The New World porcupines are indigenous to North America and northern South America. Old World porcupines (Hystricidae) have quills embedded in clusters, whereas in New World porcupines (Erethizontidae) single quills are interspersed with bristles, underfur, and hair. They separated from the other hystricognaths about 30 million years ago, much earlier than the New World porcupines. The body measures 38-71 cm long and weighs up to 27 kg. Porcupines occupy a short range of habitats in tropical and temperate parts of Asia, Southern Europe, Africa, and North and South America. They live in forests and deserts, and on rocky outcrops and hillsides. Keywords: 1900s, 20th century, Brehms Tierleben, color, Hystricidae, mammal, reference book, rodent. Manage. They are also smaller and more diurnal than their Old World counterparts. Habitat and Range The Old World porcupines are large representatives of the terrestrial rodent mammals, distinguished by their spiny covering from which they take their name. Old World porcupines are mostly terrestrial, meaning they live on the ground, and are quite large. The Old World porcupines live in southern Europe, Asia and across Africa. The 11 Old World porcupines tend to be fairly large, and have spikes grouped in clusters. The Old World porcupines live in southern Europe, Asia (western and southern), and most of Africa. The porcupines stomach is the only area not protected by quills. 2008 , Barbara A. Holzman, Tropical Forest Biomes ‎ [1] , page 115: While there are 58 species of new and old world porcupines, distibuted over two different families. The species of new world porcupines use their long curved claws to climb trees and also, they have tails that make their grip on the trees. They live in wooded areas and can climb trees, where some species spend their entire lives. Old world porcupines are larger and heavily built. They include the large crested porcupines, some of which can grow more than 2 … The spikes of old world porcupines are longer and exist in clusters interspersed with shorter quills. They can be found burrowing in cavities and holes among tree roots along river banks (Khan, 1992; Choe, 2006). Old World porcupines are one of the few animals on the planet that are monogamous. Old World porcupines are terrestrial and strictly nocturnal, and have longer quills. The 11 species (3 genera) of this family are found in Africa and Asia. There are 18 species in this family. ), they use their tails when climbing, are not as nocturnal and are mostly smaller. 3. Size varies according to species, ranging from 25 to 36 inches long plus an 8 to 10 inch tail. In taxonomic terms, they form the family Hystricidae. New World porcupines have small quills that are around 4 inches (10 cm) long, while Old World porcupines have quills that can grow up to 20 inches … Old World porcupines can be any species of rodents in the family Hystricidae. Porcupines also occur in Africa and Asia, but Old World porcupines do not belong to the same family as New World porcupines. Porcupines are rodents with a coat of sharp spines, or quills, that protect against predators. Volume 12(1) 2017: 1-11 quills; black-brown to grey-brown on the upper back and white to light brown on the underside (Choe, 2006). New World porcupines are much smaller, and many varieties live in trees. Let’s have a look at the porcupine’s main predators. "Hystricidae is the most enigmatic. The Crested Porcupine of North Africa and Italy is the fourth largest rodent and can weigh as much as 60 pounds (27 kg). They weigh between 12 and 25 pounds. The old world porcupines can swim well, but they don’t have the ability to climb or jump much whereas, the new world porcupines live on trees. They are found in southern Europe, South East Asia, throughout India and Africa. Porcupine Habitat. 8. The Old World porcupines, or Hystricidae, are large terrestrial rodents, distinguished by the spiny covering from which they take their name. Old-world porcupines (Order: Rodentia Family: Hystricidae) face many threats, including an increasing demand for their different body parts such as meat, quills, hairs and bezoars.Bezoars are masses of undigested organic and inorganic material that are occasionally formed in an animal’s gastrointestinal tract. Sustain. Old World porcupines have spines or quills grouped in clusters, while the quills are attached separately for New World porcupines. The porcupine feeds largely on the inner bark of trees in winter, but it will also feed on a variety of other plants. Two families of rodents are called porcupines. Males and females, in both the old and the new world look about the same. Porcupines do not throw their quills. See more ideas about porcupine, old world, rodents. Porcupines can live in any terrain, including deserts, grasslands, mountains, rainforests, and forests. Old world porcupines. The word porcupine comes from the old french word porcespin, which roughly translates as thorn pig. However, they still have a lot of natural predators who hunt them against all odds. Larger individuals can reach a length of 33 inches and can weigh 29-59 lbs. MOLECULAR PHYLOGENY OF THE OLD WORLD PORCUPINES (FAMILY HYSTRICIDAE) 3 J. The 11 Old World porcupines are almost exclusively terrestrial, tend to be fairly large, and have quills that are grouped in clusters. Back to top Feeding. They are large, terrestrial, and strictly nocturnal. There are 11 species within the old world porcupine family; they tend to be nocturnal and larger than the new world family with a couple of exceptions. They range in size from 17-32 inches in length. Porcupines live in forests, deserts, rocky outcrops and hillsides. Old World porcupines (Hystricidae) have quills embedded in clusters, whereas in New World porcupines (Erethizontidae) single quills are interspersed with bristles, underfur, and hair. Quills actually are released through contact and sometimes a few may fall out when a porcupine shakes its body vigorously. The New World porcupines live in North and South America. Porcupines. Most people chose this as the best definition of old-world-porcupines: Plural form of Old World... See the dictionary meaning, pronunciation, and sentence examples. They are characterized by the thick spines which cover their bodies. Porcupines with short quills around 4 inches (10 cm) long belong to the New World, while porcupines with quills that can grow up to 20 inches (51 cm) long, though there are some exceptions, belong to the Old World. Old World porcupines (Hystricidae) have quills in clusters, whereas in New World porcupines (Erethizontidae) single quills are mixed with bristles, underfur, and hair. May 10, 2018 - Infraorder: Hystricognathi; Family Hystricidae: Old World porcupines. American porcupines. Their body length varies between 11-19 inches and their weight varies between 3.3-5lbs. ə‚dē] (vertebrate zoology) The Old World porcupines, a family of Rodentia ranging from southern Europe to Africa and eastern Asia and into the Philippines. The New World porcupines are indigenous to North America and northern South America. Old World porcupine (plural Old World porcupines) Any of the large, spiny-furred rodents of the family Hystricidae , native to the southern Eurasia and Africa . The Old World porcupines live in southern Europe, Asia, and most of Africa. Hystricidae a family of mammals of the order Rodentia, comprising the Old World porcupines. The Old World porcupines are ground-dwellers, and usually live in pairs or small groups. Old World Porcupines – Hystricidae. Porcupines have rounded bodies covered with fur in shades of brown, white, and gray. Resources. You will find porcupines in the Americas enjoy exploring the trees and water as much as land. Sci. Some New World porcupines live in trees, but Old World porcupines stay on the rocks. They are found in North, Central and South America. Porcupine quills are as sharp as needles, can be removed very easily, and will stay stuck in an attacker. The Old World porcupines belong to family Hystricidae of Europe, Asia, and Africa. Old World Porcupines have cluster quills and the single quills of New World Porcupines are interspersed with hair, under fur and bristles. 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