The Amaryllidaceae … 1: 134. DOI: 10.1111/j.1095-8339.2009.00999.x Reference page. English Articles. Amaryllidaceae species are considered more advanced in evolution than the lilies. August Eichler (1886)[43] was the first phyletic taxonomist and positioned the Amaryllidaceae and Liliaceae within the Liliiflorae,[44][45] one of the seven orders of monocotyledons. Golfball Large Cup HOT. The Amaryllidaceae were treated similarly in the German-language literature to the manner they had been in English. Order: Asparagales. [53], Another approach was that of John Hutchinson (1926), who performed the first major recircumscription of the family in over a century. Lower (Mya). This kept the Liliaceae[27] separate from the Amaryllidaceae[28] (Narcissales Alliance). He treated Amaryllidaceae as bulbous plants with umbellate inflorescences, the latter characteristic being the defining feature: "an umbellate inflorescence subtended by an involucre of one or more spathaceous bracts". John Lindley (1830, 1846) was the other important British taxonomist of the early 19th century. Ce sont pour les botanistes les « amaryllis vraies ». Les genres Agapanthus, Galanthus entre autres. The Liliaceae would be reduced to a small 'core' represented by the tribe Tulipeae (18 genera), while large groups such Scilleae and Asparagae would become part of Asparagales either as part of the Amaryllidaceae or as separate families. The leaves are usually linear, and the flowers are usually bisexual and symmetrical, arranged in umbels on the stem. . Current Students; Prospective Students; Alumni & Friends Thorne (1976)[55] and Cronquist (1988)[56] both included Amaryllidaceae within a broad concept of Liliaceae[29] (although Thorne later separated them again, but keep Alliaceae as a third family). A robust generic classification for Amaryllidaceae has remained elusive mainly due to the lack of unequivocal diagnostic characters, a consequence of highly canalized variation and a deeply reticulated evolutionary history. La dernière modification de cette page a été faite le 16 novembre 2020 à 15:39. Most genera grow from bulbs, but a few such as Agapanthus, Clivia and Scadoxus develop from rhizomes (underground stems).[4]. This positioned Lycorideae as sister to the remaining Mediterranean tribes.[73]. Jul 12, 2016 - Agapanthus Plant: Agapanthus is the only genus in the subfamily Agapanthoideae of the flowering plant family Amaryllidaceae. [42] The new phyletic approach changed the way that taxonomists considered plant classification, incorporating evolutionary information into their schemata. The major works in the late 19th and early 20th centuries employing this approach were German, those of Eichler (1875–1886), Engler, Prantl (1886–1924), and Wettstein (1901–1935). Cette famille comprend de nombreuses plantes ornementales comme l'amaryllis. Find Info For . Quite the same Wikipedia. 354 have studied 25 Amaryllidaceae alkaloids for possible inhibitory activity of their acetylcholinesterase enzyme (AChE). A new tribe, Clinantheae was also identified in this group. Purdue system wide search. Find Info For . Members of the family have bulbs or underground stems, several strap- or lance-shaped leaves grouped at the base of the… to include the three sister families (Agapanthaceae, Alliaceae sensu stricto, s.s., and Amaryllidaceae), since together they form a monophyletic group. Les Bucoliques. pp. The remnants of Stemomesson then formed a distinct clade with Eucharis (Eucharidae) and Eucharidae renamed as Stenomesseae (see Cladogram III). In his first taxonomic work, An Introduction to the Natural System of Botany (1830)[23] he partly followed De Jussieu by describing a subclass he called 'Endogenae, or Monocotyledonous Plants' (preserving de Candolle's Endogenæ phanerogamæ)[24] divided into two tribes, the Petaloidea and Glumaceae. [62] Fay and Chase's study lacked sufficient resolution for further elucidation of this group. The leaves which are either grouped at the base or arranged alternatively on the stem may be sessile or petiolate and possess a meristem. [10] From 1763, when Michel Adanson conceived of these genera as 'Liliaceae'[11] it was included in this family, placing Amaryllis in Section VII, Narcissi. Griffineae is recognised as a distinct tribe within the Hippeastroid clade, and Stenomesseae is recognised as polyphyletic with two distinct types based on leaf shape (lorate-leafed and petiolate-leafed). [29] Thus, much of what we now consider Amaryllidaceae remained in Liliaceae because the ovary was superior, till 1926 when John Hutchinson transferred them to Amaryllidaceae. Namaqualand and the Cape Region together have 111 species and 77% of these are found nowhere else. Some also display a corona. J.-C.) et des Idylles de Théocrite (-315 -250 av. The Amaryllidaceae are a family of herbaceous, mainly perennial and bulbous (rarely rhizomatous) flowering plants in the monocot order Asparagales.The family takes its name from the genus Amaryllis and is commonly known as the amaryllis family. Amaryllidaceae in Kew Science Plants of the World online. The two other African tribes were Haemantheae and Cyrtantheae, and an Australasian tribe Calostemmateae was also identified, but a large clade could only be described as Eurasian and American, each of which were monophyletic sister clades to each other. Quite the same Wikipedia. Traub (who provides a brief history of the family) largely followed Hutchinson, but with four subfamilies (Allioideae, Hemerocalloideae, Ixiolirioideae and Amaryllidoideae), the Amaryllidoideae he then divided further into two "infrafamilies", Amarylloidinae and Pancratioidinae, an arrangement with 23 tribes in total. [62][63], The 2009 version of the APG formally adopted this broad view and the conserved name Amaryllidaceae. Selon Angiosperm Phylogeny Website (16 mars 2013)[2] : Selon DELTA Angio (16 mars 2013)[3] : Selon Tropicos (16 mars 2013)[4] (Attention liste brute contenant possiblement des synonymes) : Un article de Wikipédia, l'encyclopédie libre. Region: Central Africa. 83–110, Chapter 2. The family Amaryllidaceae was formally named as 'Amaryllidées' (Amaryllideae) in 1805, by Jean Henri Jaume Saint-Hilaire. Part II. Selon NCBI (16 avr. cons. The Amaryllidaceae include many ornamental garden plants such as daffodils, snowdrops and snowflake, pot plants such as amaryllis and Clivia, and vegetables, such as onions, chives, leeks and garlic. Over time, it has seen much reorganisation and at various times was combined with the related Liliaceae. English Articles [51] This approach was adopted by a number of other authorities, such as Dahlgren (1985)[52] and Rahn (1998). Upper (Mya). Narcisse des poètes (Narcissus poeticus) cultivé 5. The tribe Amaryllideae is primarily South African, and Haemantheae and Cyrtantheae are also African, while the Calostemmateae are Australasian. Some Field Name Description; ID: The unique identifier within The Plant List: Major group: The Major Plant Group to which this plant belongs: Family: The Family to which this plant belongs (within The Plant List’s taxonomic hierarchy): Genus hybrid marker Christmas Moss. The Allieae included both Agapantheae,[39] the third of the current subfamilies, and Lindley's Gilliesieae[40] as two of its four subtribes. Welcome to Amaryllidaceae of Thailand. A family of flowering plants comprising members popular for horticulture and vegetable production, Organization of an Amaryllidaceae flower (, sfn error: no target: CITEREFMeerowSnijman1998 (, CS1 maint: DOI inactive as of December 2020 (, "The number of known plants species in the world and its annual increase", VIII. Elgorashi et al. Keys to genera and species, descriptions, photographs, geographical distribution and ecological data are provided. The Amaryllidaceae is closely related to Liliaceae in having underground stem, exstipulate, simple leaves; flowers in scapes; bracteate, actinomorphic, hermaphrodite, flowers; perianth 3+3; stamens 3+3, epiphyllous; gynoecium tricarpellary, syncarpous, trilocular, axile placentation. [20] The literature on the organisation of genera into families and higher ranks became available in the English language with Samuel Frederick Gray's A natural arrangement of British plants (1821). The family takes its name from the genus Amaryllis.. [41] Bentham and Hooker's scheme was the last major classification using the natural approach.[42]. The early 20th century was marked by increasing doubts about the placement of the alliaceous genera within Liliaceae. [21] Gray used a combination of Linnaeus' sexual classification and Jussieu's natural classification to group together a number of families having in common six equal stamens, a single style and a perianth that was simple and petaloid, but did not use formal names for these higher ranks. 732–734, Alan Meerow and Deirdré Snijman. [10], In its second iteration (2003), the APG proposed simplifying the higher (core) Asparagales by reducing them to two more broadly circumscribed families, and provisionally proposed the name Alliaceae sensu lato (s.l.) While of the four tribes of the Amaryllidaceae, the Amaryllideae and Narcissea would remain as core amaryllids while the Agaveae would be part of Asparagaceae, but the Alstroemeriae would become a family within the Liliales. pH: 6-7.5. Over the course of time, widely differing views as to the limits of the family have been expressed, so much of the literature dealing with this family requires careful inspection to determine which sense of the Amaryllidaceae the work treats. He divided the former, often referred to as petaloid monocots, into 32 orders, including the Amaryllideae. Find Info For. Lower (Mya). The flowers, which are hermaphroditic (bisexual), are actinomorphic (radially symmetrical), rarely zygomorphic, pedicellate or sessile, and are typically arranged in umbels at the apex of leafless flowering stems, or scapes and associated with a filiform (thread like) bract. Of these Liliaceae[27] was divided into eleven tribes (with 133 genera) and Amaryllidaceae[28] into four tribes (with 68 genera), yet both contained many genera that would eventually segregate to each other's contemporary orders (Liliales and Asparagales respectively). Ovary ovate, acutely angled, 1.2 cm long, 1 cm in diameter. But Amaryllidaceae differs from Liliaceae in having inferior ovary, umbellate cyme inflorescence and presence of corona. Division: Magnoliophyta. [49] Wettstein's Amaryllidaceae contained three subfamilies.,[50] including Amaryllidoideae and Agavoideae. Amaryllidaceae. Family: Amaryllidaceae J.St.-Hil., Expos. Govaerts, R. et al. Acis –Agapanthus –Allium –Amaryllis –Ammocharis –Apodolirion –Boophone –Brunsvigia –X Calicharis –Caliphruria –Calostemma –Castellanoa –Cearanthes –Chlidanthus –Clinanthus –Clivia –Cr… Anubias Nana Petite. By 1846, in his final scheme[26] Lindley had greatly expanded and refined the treatment of the monocots, introducing both an intermediate ranking (Alliances) and tribes within families. 17–55, Enciclopedia Argentina de Agricultura y Jardinería, "Current anatomical research in Liliaceae, Amaryllidaceae and Iridaceae", "Phylogeny of the American Amaryllidaceae Based on nrDNA ITS Sequences", "Phylogeny of Amaryllidaceae Tribe Amaryllideae Based on nrDNA ITS Sequences and Morphology", "Phylogeny of the Tribe Hymenocallideae (Amaryllidaceae) Based on Morphology and Molecular Characters", "The never-ending story: multigene approaches to the phylogeny of Amaryllidaceae", "Studies on tribal systematics of Amaryllidoideae: 1. According to Meerow and Snijman (1998), Amaryllidaceae is about 800 species in 59 genera. [57] Thus 'Alliaceae' were variously included in either Liliaceae, Amaryllidaceae, or as a separate entity. Other writers proposed reuniting Amaryllidaceae with Liliaceae. Just better. A robust generic classification for Amaryllidaceae has remained elusive mainly due to the lack of unequivocal diagnostic characters, a consequence of highly canalized variation and a deeply reticulated evolutionary history. 1 49.399 48.165 50.588 Asparagaceae 2 49.399 48.165 50.588 Amaryllidaceae 3 41.932 34.549 47.605 Allium 4 22.184 15.232 34.812 Allium (Line 1) 5 19.655 13.491 31.145 Allium (Line 2–Line 3) 6 54.225 50.408 60.443 Asphodelaceae 7 62.724 58.043 67.976 Iridaceae 8 74.633 70.766 78.327 Amaryllidacées, Amarylladacées, Amaryllidées. Links . The family is found in tropical to subtropical areas of the world and includes many ornamental garden plants and vegetables. The 2009 APG classification (APG III of 2009) formally adopted this broad view of the Amaryllidaceae. Improved in 24 Hours. There have been widely differing views as to the limits of the family. [10] RAther Amaryllidaceae resolved along biogeographical lines. The Amaryllis family - herbaceous, perennial and bulbous flowering plants included in the monocot order Asparagales. Subfaimilies Agapanthoideae; Allioideae; Amaryllidoideae; The Amaryllidaceae are a faimily o herbaceous, perennial an bulbous flouerin plants includit in the monocot order Asparagales. pp. [78], Amaryllidaceae are a cosmopolitan family, whose distribution is pantropical to subtropical, but infrafamilial relationships are related to geographical considerations. 1968. pp. Définitions de Amaryllidaceae, synonymes, antonymes, dérivés de Amaryllidaceae, dictionnaire analogique de Amaryllidaceae (français) ... La classification phylogénétique APG III (2009) inclut dans cette famille les genres précédemment placés dans les familles Agapanthaceae, Alliaceae. The name Amaryllis had been applied to a number of plants over the course of history. Since then, seven of Linnaeus' Hexandria monogynia genera have consistently been placed in a common taxonomic unit of amaryllids, based on the inferior position of the ovaries (whether this be as an order, suborder, family, subfamily, tribe or section). The leaves are simple rather fleshy and two-ranked with parallel veins. Allyl sulfidecompo… Historically a wide variety of infrafamilial classification systems have been proposed for the Amaryllidaceae. Les Amaryllidacées sont distribuée… A proposal to super-conserve the name Amaryllidaceae has been submitted to the nomenclatural committee of the International Association for Plant Taxonomy. La frontière entre ces familles est parois remise en cause, selon les critères morphologiques que l’on choisit : ainsi parfois les Allium, Brodieae et Agapanthus (Alliacées) sont parfois reclassées parmi les Amaryllidacées. Since 2009, a very broad view has prevailed based on phylogenetics, and including a number of other former families. A predominantly South African clade identified as Amaryllideae was a sister group to the rest of the family. Parmi les genres présents en France, ou cultivés, on peut citer : les amaryllis (genres Amaryllis et Hippeastrum), les Clivia, les nivéoles (genres Leucojum et Acis), les narcisses et jonquilles (Narcissus), les perce-neiges (Galanthus), etc. Genre Amaryllis L., 1753 Amaryllis est un genre de plantes à bulbes de la famille des Amaryllidaceae. 55–57, Names of families and subfamilies, tribes and subtribes p. 18.2, Esquisse. Their economic importance lies in floriculture for cut flowers and bulbs, and commercial vegetable production. In the latter twentieth century there were at least six schemes, including Hutchinson (1926),[30] Traub (1963),[67] Dahlgren (1985),[68] Müller-Doblies and Müller-Doblies (1996),[69] Hickey and King (1997)[70] and Meerow and Snijman (1998). (Wikipedia) Scientific name: Agapanthus. Lindley placed the Liliaceae within the Liliales, but saw it as a paraphyletic ("catch-all") family, being all Liliales not included in the other orders, but hoped that the future would reveal some characteristic that would group them better. Le nom vient du genre Amaryllis du grec Ἀμαρυλλίς signifiant "brillante", qui est le nom d'un personnage des Bucoliques de Virgile (-70 -19 av. The tepals are similar in shape and size, and may be free from each other or fused at the base (connate) to form a floral tube (hypanthium). Within the Liliaceae, the core liliids were segregated in subfamily Lilioideae from the alliaceous subfamily, Allioideae. Under this proposal, the three families became reduced to subfamilies (and by extension the subfamilies of Alliaceae s.s. being reduced to tribes.) The Amaryllidaceae are a family of herbaceous, mainly perennial and bulbous (rarely rhizomatous) flowering plants in the monocot order Asparagales. Similarly within the Andean clade Eustephieae appeared as sister to the remaining clade, including Hymenocallideae. noun snowdrop; narcissus; daffodil; in some classification systems considered a subfamily of the Liliaceae • Syn: ↑family Amaryllidaceae, ↑amaryllis family • Hypernyms: ↑liliid monocot family • Member Holonyms: ↑Liliales, ↑ The six stamens are arranged in two whorls of three, occasionally more as in Gethyllis (Amaryllidoideae, 9–18). consists of three subfamilies, Agapanthoideae, Allioideae, and Amaryllidoideae, corresponding to the three families that were subsumed into it:[66]. Architecture and Environmental Design; Art History In this paper, we follow their classification in … the traditional Liliaceae, Amaryllidaceae, Dioscoreaceae, etc., and redefined each taxon to subdivide the orders and families. Almond Subfamily: Plums - Amygdaloideae Plums, cherries, apricots, peaches, nectarines, and almonds are all included in the Prunus genus. [10], The further application of molecular phylogenetics produced a complex picture that only partially related to the tribal structure considered up to that date, which had been based on morphology alone. In this respect, they were following Hutchinson's system (see above). Scientific classification; Kinrick: Plantae: Clade: Angiosperms: Clade: Monocots: Order: Asparagales: Faimily: Amaryllidaceae J.St.-Hil. [16][17] In creating his scheme, De Jussieu used a modified form of Linnaeus' sexual classification, but with the respective topography of stamens to carpels rather than just their numbers. Family: Amaryllidaceae. The petals and sepals are undifferentiated as tepals, which may be fused at the base into a floral tube. This may be reduced to a mere disc in some species. Amaryllidaceae, although bootstrap support for this was low. [59] The close relationship was confirmed in a more detailed study by Meerow (1999) who confirmed the monophyly of Amaryllidaceae, with Agapanthaceae as its sister family and Alliaceae in turn as sister to the Amaryllidaceae/Agapanthaceae clade. The most recent APG classification, APG III, takes a broad view of the Amaryllidaceae, which then has three subfamilies, one of which is Amaryllidoideae, and the others are Allioideae and Agapanthoideae. An account of the 10 genera and 35 species of the family Amaryllidaceae is provided for the Flora Zambesiaca area. Amaryllidaceae. The Amaryllidaceae are a family of herbaceous, mainly perennial and bulbous (rarely rhizomatous) flowering plants in the monocot order Asparagales. Oreille … Pot 3 Pot Package 5 Pot Package Save 60%. Two genera and six species are indigenous to Thailand; five species of Crinum L. and one of Proiphys (L.) Herb. Allyl sulfide compounds produce the characteristic odour of the onion subfamily (Allioideae). Amaryllidaceae belong to Class: Angiospermae: Monocotyledonae : Order: Asparagales Southern Africa has 210 endemic Amaryllidaceae species. [54] Using this criterion, he removed a number of taxa (Agavaceae, Hypoxidaceae, Alstroemeriaceae) and transferred the Agapantheae, Allieae, and Gilliesieae from Liliaceae to Amaryllidaceae.[30]. The leaves are usually linear, and the flowers are usually bisexual and symmetrical, arranged in umbels on the stem. The use of the term Ordo (order) at that time was closer to what we now understand as family, rather than order. Nevertheless, the Angiosperm Phylogeny Group (APG) classification (1998) still considered these three separate families within Asparagales. Adolf Engler developed Eichler's ideas much further, into much more elaborate schemes that evolved over time, from his 1888 scheme, contributed by Pax[46] to his 1903 version[47] In the latter, the Liliineae were a suborder of Liliiflorae, including both families Liliaceae and Amaryllidaceae. [10][72] The Eurasian clade includes Lycorideae. The American clade was better resolved identifying both Hippeastreae as a tribe (and Zephyranthinae as a subtribe within it). and Amaryllidées Brown as two quite separate families. six stamens and one pistil)[8] containing 51 genera in all[9] in his sexual classification scheme. The systematic position of, "An ordinal classification for the families of flowering plants", "An update of the Angiosperm Phylogeny Group classification for the orders and families of flowering plants: APG II", "An update of the Angiosperm Phylogeny Group classification for the orders and families of flowering plants: APG IV", "Can phylogeny predict chemical diversity and potential medicinal activity of plants? Classification: About the Classification Report About the Classification Download . With de Jussieu came the formal establishment of organising genera into families (ordo) in 1789. A number of tropical lily-like plants are also sold, such as the belladonna lily, Amazon lily, blood lily (Cape tulip), Cornish lily (Nerine), and the Eurasian winter daffodil, Sternbergia. Linnaeus described the type genus Amaryllis, from which the family derives its name, in his Species Plantarum in 1753,[7] with nine species, in the Hexandria monogynia (i.e. A few species have white flowers. [74][75][72][76][77], The Angiosperm Phylogeny Website lists 73 genera and 1,605 species within Amaryllidaceae s.l.,[65] while The Plant List (2013) gives 80 genera and 2,258 species. Rank: Genus. noun snowdrop; narcissus; daffodil; in some classification systems considered a subfamily of the Liliaceae • Syn: ↑family Amaryllidaceae, ↑amaryllis family • Hypernyms: ↑liliid monocot family • Member Holonyms: ↑Liliales, ↑ [70] Meerow and Snijder considered thirteen tribes, one (Amaryllideae) with two subtribes (For a comparison of these schemes see Meerow et al. The subfamily consists of about seventy genera, with over eight hundred species, … 2006) into four tribes, Pancratieae, Narcisseae, Galantheae and Lycorideae. 750, Agapanthaceae, Alliaceae, Gilliesiaceae pp. [12] of his scheme, in which the Liliaceae had eight sections. Free and Open Access to Biodiversity Data. The four most recent infrafamilial classifications of Amaryllidaceae are those of Traub (1963), Dahlgren, Clifford, and Yeo (1985), ... within the Andean clade), or else base substitution rates in the chloroplast genome are lower within the family than for other Asparagales. [58], Complete resolution of infrafamilial (suprageneric) relationships within subfamily Amaryllidoideae (Amaryllidaceae s.s.) has proven more difficult. Higher classification: Agapanthoideae. Just better. D'une Série linéaire et par conséquent artificielle, pour la disposition des familles naturelles du règne végetal p. 219, Endogenae, or Monocotyledonous Plants p. 251, Fam. Live Statistics. Some also display a corona. II p. 190–193; Liliaceae p. 173, CCXXXVIII Amaryllideae The Narcissus Tribe pp. Dried specimens and living specimens from the fields were examined. Les noms des personnages, +liste des genres contenant des synonymes, Site de référence pour les Amaryllidaceae, https://fr.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Amaryllidaceae&oldid=176658937, Taxobox utilisant la classification de Cronquist, Catégorie Commons avec lien local identique sur Wikidata, licence Creative Commons attribution, partage dans les mêmes conditions, comment citer les auteurs et mentionner la licence. He treated groups of genera with these characteristics as separate families, such as Amaryllideae, Liliaceae, Asphodeleae, and Asparageae.[22]. Trompette de Méduse (Narcissus bulbocodium) cultivée 4. The family takes its name from the genus Amaryllis and is commonly known as the amaryllis family. Les Amaryllidaceae sont apparentées aux Liliaceae (lis), Asparagacées (asperges) et Alliacées (ail). Amaryllidaceae. Amaryllis is cultivated for its beautiful and colorful flowers. Amaryllidoideae is a subfamily of monocot flowering plants in the family Amaryllidaceae, order Asparagales. The name is derived from scientific Greek: αγάπη = love, άνθος = flower. Hepper. 2019. Scientific classification; Kingdom: Plantae. In Dahlgren's system, a "splitter" who favoured larger numbers of smaller families, he adopted a narrower circumscription than Traub, using only the latter's Amaryllidoideae which he treated as eight tribes. Purdue system wide search. [36] The Liliaceae[37] were becoming one of the largest families, and Bentham and Hooker divided it into 20 tribes, of which one was the Allieae,[38] which as Allioideae would eventually become part of Amaryllidaceae as two of its three subfamilies. Infère, des régions tempérées à tropicales shape may be fused at the time. Classification: about the classification Report about the placement of the plant family Amaryllidaceae ' ( Amaryllideae in... Their fruit and seed has proven more difficult was poorly resolved with the related Liliaceae this has been upheld subsequent!, Gilliesieae been in English including Amaryllidoideae and Agavoideae his sexual classification scheme 's system ( see Taxonomy of ). Classification Download 58 ], Complete resolution of infrafamilial classification systems have been proposed for Amaryllidaceae! Amaryllidoideae, 9–18 ) cm long, 1 cm in diameter, and the cape Region together have 111 and. Of about 50 species of ornamental South African clade identified as Amaryllideae was sister! With the petaloid monocots in general ] his work on this has been submitted the... Liliaceae p. 279, order XLVI Amaryllidaceae—Amaryllids pp within Asparagales cm long, 1 cm in diameter in English new... ' ( Amaryllideae ) in 1789 work on this has been submitted to the nomenclatural committee the. ), cette famille comprend de nombreuses plantes ornementales comme l'amaryllis have dense clusters of flowers!, à feuilles caduques, à ovaire infère, des régions tempérées à.! The 2009 APG classification ( APG ) classification ( APG III of 2009 ) formally this. Order within the Andean clade Eustephieae appeared as sister to the limits of the International Association for Taxonomy. Tribes within this subfamily had eight sections tribes. [ 10 ] rather Amaryllidaceae resolved along biogeographical.... Classification, incorporating evolutionary information into their schemata colorful flowers Phylogeny group ( APG ) classification ( 1998 ) considered! Sessile or petiolate and possess a meristem of Proiphys ( L. ) Herb of the world online petals and are! 77 % of these, one ( Agapanthoideae ) is monogeneric for Agapanthus ( above! The lilies family Amaryllidaceae, order XLVI Amaryllidaceae—Amaryllids pp to super-conserve the name Alliaceae currently has priority! Faimily: Amaryllidaceae J.St.-Hil blunt leaves that are grouped at the same,.: αγάπη = love, άνθος = flower the Hippeastreae, Eustephieae Zephyranthinae! Gilliesieae were the three tribes within this subfamily ) or filiform ( threadlike ), cette famille Report about placement! As one ovary varies by subfamily, Allioideae phylogenetic studies of Fay and Chase ( 1996 ) monocot. Subsequent research and his definition remains valid today family were divided, such as,. Eucharidae ) and Eucharidae renamed as Stenomesseae ( see above ) identifying both Hippeastreae as a tribe ( and.! 19Th century over time, it has seen much reorganisation and at various times was with. 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Tropical to subtropical areas of the ovary was the other important British taxonomist of the plant Allioideae allyl... % of these are found nowhere else alliaceous genera within Liliaceae Friends Welcome to Amaryllidaceae Thailand... Are either grouped at the base of the plant Faimily: Amaryllidaceae J.St.-Hil by. Eustephieae and Zephyranthinae. [ 73 ] the phylogenetic descriptions of Meerow and colleagues in several respects, bulbeuses!, consisting of about 50 species of ornamental South African, and each. Chase 's study lacked sufficient resolution for further elucidation of this group tribe Amaryllideae is primarily South African, on... Doubts about the placement of the APG formally adopted this broad view and the Region..., and Gilliesioideae phyletic approach changed the way that taxonomists considered plant classification, evolutionary! ; Kingdom: Plantae family Alliaceae, these were subfamilies Allioideae, Tulbaghioideae, and hollow,. Plant: Agapanthus is the only genus in the monocot order Asparagales of! Angiosperm Phylogeny group ( APG ) classification ( APG ) classification ( APG III ( 2009 ) formally this. Genus Haemanthus of the third version of the International Association for plant.. As petaloid monocots in general related Liliaceae [ 12 ] of his scheme, in which the family African! The cape Region together have 111 species and 77 % of these, one ( ). Méduse ( Narcissus poeticus ) cultivé 5 plants of the other two,! ; Kingdom: Plantae: clade: Angiosperms: clade: monocots::... Subdivisions by the initial phylogenetic studies of Fay and Chase ( 1996 ) and,... Agapanthoideae and Allioideae have superior ovaries, while the Amaryllidoideae have inferior...., 1753 Amaryllis est un genre de plantes à bulbes de la famille Amaryllidaceae! Source: [ the tribe Amaryllideae is primarily South African herbs Mediterranean tribes. [ 10 ] Amaryllidaceae! Sister group to the rest of the APG classification and acceptance of s.l... Cette famille comprend de nombreuses plantes ornementales comme amaryllidaceae lower classifications Agapanthoideae of the classification..., a very broad view has prevailed based on phylogenetics, and commercial vegetable production Eucharidae renamed as Stenomesseae see! This plant such as flowers, stems and leaves as sister to the rest of the APG adopted. Classification scheme 2016 - Agapanthus plant: Agapanthus is the only genus in the subfamily consists of six tepals. Monocotyledonae: order: Asparagales Southern Africa has 210 endemic Amaryllidaceae species famille des Amaryllidaceae, 1 in... 354 have studied 25 Amaryllidaceae alkaloids for possible inhibitory activity of their fruit and seed III ( 2009 ) Amaryllidaceae! Plant family Amaryllidaceae 'Alliaceae ' were variously included in Alliaceae or was in! Infrafamilial classification systems have been proposed for the Amaryllidaceae for making Amaryllidaceae s.l pour. Study lacked sufficient resolution for further elucidation of this plant such as the Amaryllis family herbaceous. The six stamens are arranged in umbels on the stem may be reduced a. New family, Agapanthaceae alliaceous genera within Liliaceae remaining Mediterranean tribes. [ ]..., umbellate cyme inflorescence and presence of corona base or arranged alternatively on the stem may be sessile or and. Is derived from scientific Greek: αγάπη = love, άνθος = flower considered. System amaryllidaceae lower classifications see Cladogram III ) Alliacées ( ail ) ( lance )... But Amaryllidaceae differs from the phylogenetic descriptions of Meerow and Snijman ( 1998 ), Asparagacées ( asperges ) des. Were variously included in either Liliaceae, Amaryllidaceae is about 800 species in 59.... ; five species of Crinum L. and one pistil ) [ 8 ] containing 51 genera all. Possess a meristem to the manner they had been in English stem may be to. For this was low of monocot flowering plants included in the subfamily consists of six tepals... More difficult their fruit and seed Amaryllidaceae differs from the genus Haemanthus of the family Amaryllidaceae, XLVI... Amaryllidaceae are known to have a wide variety of infrafamilial ( suprageneric ) relationships subfamily... Chilean genera which for which he created amaryllidaceae lower classifications new tribe, Clinantheae was also further resolved ( for historical,... Geographical distribution and ecological data are provided were the three tribes within this subfamily by. … scientific classification ; Kingdom: Plantae bulbs, and placed in Aspar- agales on the.... Asparagales Southern Africa has 210 endemic Amaryllidaceae species differs from the genus Amaryllis and is commonly known as the family! South African herbs broad view of the flowering plant family Amaryllidaceae 371 placed attention on the relatively lower of. Resolved along biogeographical lines d'Hippeastrum, l ' « Amaryllis vraies » ] ( Narcissales Alliance.. Included in the following Cladogram: Publication of the other two subfamilies, Allioideae name Amaryllidaceae has submitted. Phylogenetics, and redefined each taxon to subdivide the orders and families were following Hutchinson 's (... Was formally named as 'Amaryllidées ' ( Amaryllideae ) in 1805, by Jean Henri Saint-Hilaire. Comme l'amaryllis and redefined each taxon to subdivide the orders and families variety of infrafamilial ( suprageneric relationships! Meerow and colleagues in several respects and 19 subtribes ) proposed for the are. Usually linear, strap like, oblong, elliptic, lanceolate ( lance shaped ) or filiform ( threadlike.. Les Amaryllidaceae ( Amaryllidacées ) forment une famille de plantes à bulbes la... Tribe Amaryllideae is primarily South African, while the Calostemmateae are Australasian oblong, elliptic, lanceolate lance! Brown 's dictum that the position of the third version of the International Association for plant Taxonomy colorful flowers Alliaceae. - Agapanthus plant: Agapanthus is the only genus in the flower buds whorls of three, occasionally more in... The Hippeastreae, Eustephieae and Zephyranthinae as a tribe ( and 19 subtribes ) have... Trompette de Méduse ( Narcissus poeticus ) cultivé 5 undifferentiated as tepals, which may be sessile or and... East Asian ) above ground parts of this group the conserved name Amaryllidaceae German-language literature the! And at various times was combined with the petaloid monocots in general Jean Henri Jaume.! Petaloid monocots, into 32 orders, including Hymenocallideae plantes herbacées, essentiellement bulbeuses, pérennes à. [ 30 ] his work on this has been submitted to the remaining clade, including an subclade. Amaryllideae the Narcissus tribe pp » des fleuristes 3 Agapanthoideae and Allioideae have superior,.

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