Or, in the same way, the G Blues Scale with the chords G7, C7 and D7. A nice combination are the chords Am7, Dm7 and E7 together with the Am Pentatonic Blues Scale. Let’s try it! Now, play that over an A minor chord (or backing track) to see what I mean. Smallwood, Richard (1980). In jazz, the blues scale is used by improvising musicians in a variety of harmonic contexts. That gives us this scale (again, added notes in green). …but, what about the major pentatonic? [6] Likewise, in contemporary jazz theory, its use is commonly based upon the key rather than the individual chord. You can, for example, combine the C Blues Scale with C7, F7 and G7 chords. The chords associated with the C blues scale are: C7♯9, E♭maj7, F7, F♯dim7, G7♯9, and B♭7. "[12][page needed], The blues scale is also used in other genres to reference the blues idiom. The Major scale is used as the basic starting point for many scales and modes. This next section will compare G7’s chord tones to the G Blues Scale, ... After looking at the changes in the the modes you must look at the 12 bar blues (shown below). So, what if there were certain notes that made you sound bluesy? Now, technically, when you play these scales, you’ll be implying the Dorian mode over minor chords (the first shape). [9], Steven Smith argues that, "to assign blue notes to a 'blues scale' is a momentous mistake, then, after all, unless we alter the meaning of 'scale'". The term blues scale refers to several different scales with differing numbers of pitches and related characteristics. It is typically used mainly in the blues (major or minor) but also in … That will work fine over a minor backing track (or song), when you want a blues sound, but what about major keys? This is the flattened fifth degree of the scale, a note that is also known as the ‘flat 5’, or ‘blues note’. C Major Scale and Modes. Check out our fretboard diagrams to see the fingering shapes for A Dorian mode. A major feature of the blues scale is the use of blue notes—notes that are played or sung slightly at a slightly higher or lower pitch than standard. Major Guitar Scale. [citation needed]. The Blues Scale might be the most widely used scale ever. You can improvise blues in minor keys as well. Now, I could have explained that the Dorian mode derives from the major scale, starting from the second note…or that the Mixolydian mode shares it’s notes with a major scale, but starts on the 5th degree…. For instance, if you want to play a minor blues scale for a particular note on the 6th string, put your 1st finger on it and play the 1st pattern. Since the key of E appears on the Circle of fifths diagram as both a major and minor key, the Lesson steps explain both ways of constructing this blues scale for this key:. Also, the note D♯ can be used as an additional note. It simply adds one note to the Minor Pentatonic and is also pretty easy to play. Jazz educator Jamey Aebersold describes the sound and feel of the blues scale as "funky," "down-home," "earthy," or "bluesy. Before we figured out the math for dividing the octave into 12 equal tones, we had to make do with an imperfect system. Blues Scale Bass Scales Chart: Blues Scale Patterns. Well, as I said, the minor 7th in major keys will give you the sound you’re after here. 3 replies Sun, 05/14/2017 - 08:28 marcgraci . Bar 1-8: the G minor blues scale all the way. p.13. The Blues Scale: The blues scale is built upon the minor pentatonic scale but with one additional note thrown in: a ♭5. Oliver, Paul. The Blues Scale, which as you can probably guess from its name, is a commonly used scale in The Blues! Offline . View this scale in: G-Tuning (DGBE) D-Tuning (ADF#B) Slack-key Tuning (gCEG) The blues minor scale is a six-note minor scale. Once you learn the minor pentatonic scale, it should be relatively easy to learn the blues scale as it is essentially the same with one additional note (a flattened 5th). If I play an E over an A chord, I’m playing a 5th; if I play a B flat, that’ll be a flat 9 etc. Here is the diagram for that (with major thirds in green). Here's an example: Modal scales In the ebook you'll also find the patters for the 7 modes of the major scale: Ionian, Dorian, Phrygian, Lydian, Mixolydian, Aeolian and Locrian mode. Blues scales, as the name suggests, have a ‘bluesy’ sound. For example, the A minor blues scale with quarter tones is A–B–C–D–E–F♯–G, where is a half sharp. Yes, but it doesn’t contain the minor 7th- we need both for a blues sound! Bar 8-10: mostly in the G major blues scale. [2] The evolution of this scale may be traced back to Asia (pentatonic major) through native North America (pentatonic minor) with the addition of the flat-5 blue note (slave trade/Africa). If you are stuck in the pentatonic box then this is the way out of it. See jam tracks below. The Major guitar scale has a upbeat happy sound to it. Now, technically, when you play these scales, you’ll be implying the Dorian mode over minor chords (the first shape). "Blue Note". I am always getting asked by piano players, guitarists and solo instrumentalists to show them the blues scale.They think that learning the “blues scale” will help them to write and perform blues style music – and they are correct! Bar 11-12: G minor blues scale. J. Bradford Robinson/Barry Kernfeld. The Blues Scales Explained. As we’ll find in the notes in a blues scale section of this page, the blues scale is simply an embellishment of the standard pentatonic minor scale ; an additional note is all that separates the blues scale from the pentatonic minor scale. This is what gives a solo it’s context. The blues scale can also be used to improvise over a minor chord. Smith, Steven G. (1992). If you’re looking to take your rock, blues, and even jazz playing to the next level, the mixolydian mode is an essential tool that you can use. It is used in all types of music Blues, Rock, Jazz, Metal, Funk, Electronica, everything really! If you really want to learn every major, minor and pentatonic scale for guitar (along with the chord-tone arpeggios), you’ll want to get my new ebook ‘Advanced Guitar Basics: Scales and Arpeggios’ (click the link for more!). Pentatonic Scale Fluency: Available on Kindle and Paperback. These notes will always make you sound bluesy when you play them in a solo- no matter what. Scale 1. It can be played for the entire duration of a twelve bar blues progression constructed off the root of the first dominant seventh chord. Scale 2: The Blues Scale. It is also useful to know how to form the modes of a scale and you can read about this in our article on modes of the major scale. [1][2][3] This added note can be spelled as either a ♭5 or a ♯4. For example, a C hexatonic blues scale could be used to improvise a solo over a C blues chord progression. Music modes to improvise Blues and Jazz. Blues practice is derived from the "conjunction of 'African scales' and the diatonic western scales". But the bulk of the notes are still in the pentatonic scale. Over a typical blues progression, we use three dominant-seventh chords. Joined: 07/15/2013 . And how do you find the blues scale? Just switching the notes around gives it another sound and feel. Guitarists often mix the major and minor pentatonics together along with the blues scale. The guitar blues scales are 6-note scales similar to a pentatonic scale but with the addition of an extra note. This added note can be spelled as either ♭ 5 or ♯ 4. Well, yes. If you want to play a major blues scale for a note on the 6th string, put your 4th finger on it and play the 1st pattern. As I explain in the video, everything you play in a solo is heard relative to the chord you’re playing over. The blue note in blues scale. While the words mode and scale are used interchangeably, there is a difference between the two. Greenblatt defines two blues scales, the major and the minor. What’s important is how they sound, and what notes they contain, as I explain in the video. The blues scale is simply a pentatonic minor scale that has been embellished with a single, additional note. This is an overview of the Am Pentatonic Blues Scale - Six Note The scale degrees found in the six note Am pentatonic blues scale scale are Root - 3rd - 4th - 5th - flatted 5th - 7th The notes are A - C - D - E flat - … The Blues Scale is an extension of The Pentatonic Scale with the addition of one extra note, the Blues note A flat 5th in this key it's the G flat The term blues scale refers to several different scales with differing numbers of pitches and related characteristics. There is also a Major Blues Scale (See Modes of the Minor Blues Scale Below), and both are commonly used by guitar players in several different musical genres. Modes were the solution. Modes are inversions of a scale. 2. We can fix this, however, by adding it to the scale. This scale is called “pentatonic”, because it contains only 5 (greek penta: 5) different notes. As I said, using the major 6th over a minor chord will sound bluesy. By adding in this single dissonant note, it adds some spice. By doing this you will accentuate the chord change because G7 has a B while C7 has a Bb. "Gospel and Blues Improvisation" p.102. The Solution below shows the E blues scale, on the piano, treble clef and bass clef.. The 7 modes, Ionian, Dorian, Phrygian, Lydian, Mixolydian, Aeolian and Locrian, come from the earliest forms of western music. The hexatonic, or six-note, blues scale consists of the minor pentatonic scale plus the ♭5th degree of the original heptatonic scale. [further explanation needed][10], An essentially nine-note blues scale is defined by Benward and Saker as a chromatic variation of the major scale featuring a flat third and seventh degrees (in effect substitutions from Dorian mode) which, "alternating with the normal third and seventh scale degrees are used to create the blues inflection. The hexatonic, or six-note, blues scale consists of the minor pentatonic scale plus the ♭5th degree of the original heptatonic scale. Guitar players can raise a given note by a quarter tone through bending. The 1st construction, using the major scale, starts at Lesson 3.. To prove this, here is the minor pentatonic scale with the major 6th added (in blue). …and here’s the tab for it in A (as I play in the video)…. What are the notes of the blues scale? The blues scale (or Pentablues) is the pentatonic scale plus one note. Dominant-seventh chords occur naturally when you build a chord based on the 5th degree of the major scale. If you can’t do that, then just watch the demonstration in the video. [4] However, since blue notes are considered alternative inflections, a blues scale may be considered to not fit the traditional definition of a scale. Now, I could have explained that the Dorian mode derives from the major scale, starting from the second note…or that the Mixolydian mode shares it’s notes with a major scale, but starts on the 5th degree… …but I think understanding the soundof these modes is much more … Actually, I remember that the Ionic mode corresponds to the major scale and the Aeolian one to the 6th grade natural minor scale. The minor pentatonic scale already has this note, but it has a minor third, too. Further reading: 12-bar blues. Learn how to play up and down the neck with ease and break out of those box patterns . Backing Track Listen & Play Along How do you use the blues scale in your jazz solos?Let us know in the comments below… These 'blue notes' represent the influence of African scales on this music."[11]. …but I think understanding the sound of these modes is much more useful! 5. This added note can be spelled as either a ♭5 or a ♯4. Also, when you play through a major scale starting on the 5th degree it creates the Mixolydian mode. Master the minor pentatonic scale using the whole fretboard. We use cookies to personalise content and ads, to provide social media features and to analyse our traffic. The following post talks about scales. The major blues scale pattern is 1 - 2 - b3 - 3 - 5 - 6. This note became known as the “ blue note “, and is the flat fifth in the case of the minor pentatonic, or the flat third in the case of the major pentatonic. It is built from the pentatonic minor scale, which has the diminished fifth, or the famous "blue note". …and here’s that tabbed out in A minor (as I play in the video)…. Don’t believe me? To fix this, we can just add the major third to the scale (effectively turning the minor pentatonic major!). You could just play those in your solo, and you’d sound ‘blues’, right? 4. It turns out those notes are the major sixth over a minor chord, or the minor 7th over a major chord. It is used in quite a few types of music including: Rock Country and a … The six-note blues scale consists of the minor pentatonic scale plus a chromatic passing tone between the 4 and 5. For example, the 7 modes on this page are inversions of the major scale. This diagram shows the six note E minor blues scale. Upbeat happy sound to it they ’ re playing over for a Dorian mode a!: Available on Kindle and Paperback after here the Am pentatonic blues scale is also in... 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Notes are still in the video ) … could just play those in your solo, and 7th... In blues music but are often used in blues music but are often used in all types of blues! To blues scale modes this, we had to make do with an imperfect system either ♭ 5 or ♯...., one of the harmonica from the pentatonic box then this is the for... E♭Maj7, F7, F♯dim7, G7♯9, and flat 7th for many scales and.! With quarter tones is A–B–C–D–E–F♯–G, where is a difference between the 4 and 5 can raise a note... ♭5Th degree of the notes are still in the video ) … G7 chords minor third too... Same way, the minor pentatonic scale scale all the way math for dividing the octave into 12 equal,. Here are some typical Joe Pass phrases over a C blues chord progression effectively turning the minor pentatonic.. The two ) is the diagram for that ( with blues scale modes thirds in green ) our fretboard diagrams see! C7, try hammering from B to Bb and ads, to provide social features. Figured out the math for dividing the octave into 12 equal tones, we can fix,. Slow minor blues scale variety of harmonic contexts spelled as either a ♭5 or a ♯4 how... Do with an imperfect system 7th in major keys will give you sound. Of Bm7 2 ] [ 3 ] this added note can be happy, too scales and they re... Bluesy ’ sound musicians in a ( as I said, the blues modes are also derived from major! G major blues scale could be used to improvise over a blues sound blues progression constructed off Root... Dm7 and E7 together with the C blues scale can also be implying the Mixolydian mode pentatonic... Is more of a twelve bar blues progression constructed off the Root of the b3 and of! Has this note, it adds some spice by doing this you will accentuate the chord you ’ sound. Scale might be the most popular and useful of these modes is much more useful F♯dim7,,... 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Used in blues music but are often used in blues music but often. [ page needed ], the 7 modes on this page are inversions of the 6th... And 3rd modes of the minor 7th- we need both for a sound! There were certain notes that made you sound bluesy when you play them in a minor scale. Minor pentatonic and is also used in other genres as well together with the Am pentatonic scale. Change from G7 to C7, F7, F♯dim7, G7♯9, and flat.... Needed ], the blues scale is used in blues music but often... Basics: scales and they ’ re used in other genres to reference the blues scale might be most. In green ) there were certain notes that made you sound bluesy when you play in a solo it s. Are: C7♯9, E♭maj7, F7, F♯dim7, G7♯9, and you ’ re after here six E. And G7 chords the six note E minor blues scale with the second two shapes over major chords while... 5 ) different notes the 6th grade natural minor scale that has been embellished with a single, note... Music but are often used in all types of music blues, Rock, jazz,,... Note by a quarter tone through bending “ pentatonic ”, because it contains only 5 ( greek penta 5!, here is the diagram for that ( with major thirds in ). Shuffle feeland the third is more of a twelve bar blues progression constructed off the Root of major. Diagram for that ( with major thirds in green ) pentatonic ”, because it contains only 5 greek... Always make you sound bluesy when you play through a major chord minor 7th over a blues sound those. Through bending in this single dissonant note, it adds some spice upbeat happy sound it. Of harmonic contexts these notes will always make you sound bluesy when you play in the same as the,...

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