A dependent clause is a part of a grammatical sentence that contains both a verb and a subject, but does not convey a complete thought. A clause is generally divided into two types: an independent clause and a dependent clause. They, along with the main clause form a complex sentence. A dependent clause (also called a subordinate clause) is a clause that relies on the information from an independent clause to form a complete, logical thought. dependent clause definition: 1. in grammar, a clause that cannot form a separate sentence but can form a sentence when joined…. Although exceptions can be found, a dependent clause at the beginning of a sentence is usually followed by a comma (as in this sentence). It always needs the main clause to give complete meaning to the sentence. Check out words from the year you were born and more! They must be connected to a main (or independent clause). The following is an example of a dependent clause: Until the boy cries. Click to see full answer Also asked, is a fragment the same as a dependent clause? He smiled at her.The subjectof thissentence is He.The verbis smiled. Dependent clause definition at Dictionary.com, a free online dictionary with pronunciation, synonyms and translation. In other words, a dependent clause cannot stand on its own, which is why it must be attached to one or more independent clauses to formulate a complete sentence. Dependent clauses or (subordinate clause) are different from independent clauses. When a dependent clause is used as an adjective or an adverb, it will usually be part of a complex sentence (i.e., a sentence with an independent clause and at As we have seen at the beginning of this lesson that an independent clause can stand by itself as a complete sentence and provide a complete thought (meaning). If your dependent clause is a fronted adverb, offset it with a comma. If you use a dependent clause by itself, you will end up with a sentence fragment. There are two major types: independent clauses and dependent clauses. Dependent Clauses: Our discussion of word order has been equating the German sentence with main, or independent, clauses, but we can also also use our model to describe dependent, or subordinate, clauses. In this next example, "Where I come from is much larger than this town" the clause functions as a noun. Adverbial clauses start with a subordinating conjunction and answer wh- questions such as when something happened, where, and why as well as how and to what degree, such as "As soon as winter hits, her nephew earns money shoveling the neighbors' driveways." I went to the store, but I forgot to bring my shopping list. Meaning of dependent clause. dependent clause synonyms, dependent clause pronunciation, dependent clause translation, English dictionary definition of dependent clause. Dependent clauses are groups of words that have a subject and a verb but do not form a complete thought. The clause describes the nephew, contains a verb (is) and starts with a relative pronoun (who). However, it cannot stand alone as a complete thought. Let us see some examples of the subordinate clause in sentences: When I heard the news I was disturbed. Dependent clauses can dress up as adjectives, too, like this: The paper that she handed in last week was really good. These units of grammatical organization consist of a subject and predicate, but they are dependent on a main clause. Dependent or sub-ordinate clause are of three types: 1. Dependent Clause; Independent Clause; In this session, we would be discussing the Dependent Clause and how they can be used in English sentences. They, along with the main clause form a complex sentence. Noun clauses contain a subject and a verb. The key is to remember that only independent clauses work by themselves. A clause is a group of words that includes at least a subject and a verb. Often, dependent clauses act like adverbials to tell more about the verb in the main clause. As mentioned, these clauses can function as their own complete sentences, but they can also be combined with other clauses (either independent or dependent) to create longer sentences. It is a noun clause.) A dependent clause is a subject and a verb, but also a subordinating conjunction and it cannot be a sentence. What is Adverbial Clause? By definition, a dependent clause does not form a simple sentence by itself. It's a clause that implies that there is more to come and is incomplete. The verbis jumpedbecause it is the action. They show relationship of time, cause and effect, contrast, purpose, and condition. According to certain traditional linguistic theories, a subordinate clause or dependent clause is a clause that provides a sentence element with additional information, but which cannot stand as a sentence. While waiting for the bus he met an old friend. A dependent clause, also known as a “subordinate clause,” adds extra information to a sentence. It is also known as a subordinate clause . In describing the subordinate clause, which cannot stand on its own, we also refer to it as the dependent or Beta clause. There are three (03) subordinate or Dependent clauses in the English language. The Link between a Dependent Clause and an Independent Clause. Dependent clauses can be any of the following: adjective clauses, which describe nouns; adverbial clauses, which tell us why, when, how, or under which conditions something occurs in a sentence; or noun clauses, which act as the subject or the object of a clause and usually begin with words like what, why, who, and that. It cannot stand alone as a sentence. Dependent clauses. But it does not provide a complete thought to the sentence hence it is called a dependent clause. As such, it cannot stand on its own to form a sentence. Adverb clauses are dependent clauses. Often, this type of clause contains a marker word at the beginning, such as "after," "although," "before," "unless" and "until." What does dependent clause mean? It's a clause that implies that there is more to come and is incomplete. Here are examples of two independent clauses joined together in one sentence by a comma and a coordinating conjunction:. Dependent definition, relying on someone or something else for aid, support, etc. Define dependent clause. A dependent clause is a clause that relies on the information from an independent clause to form a complete, logical thought. Dans la phrase "je suis sorti quand la cloche a sonné", "quand la cloche a sonné" est une proposition subordonnée. Although he still has his old one. Despite playing very well the team lost the game. Dependent clauses are groups of words that have a subject and a verb but do not form a complete thought. A dependent clause is a group of words that contains a subject and verb but is dependent on another independent clause in a sentence. It does not express a complete thought. Dependent clauses, if we take them by themselves, are not capable of being their own sentences. Some signal words for dependent noun clauses include relative pronouns and subordinating conjunctions such as: what, whoever, whether, that, which, how, and why. Dependent clauses rely on independent clauses for meaning and are also known as subordinateclauses. Most sentence fragments are phrases or dependent clauses.You can avoid writing sentence fragments if you recognize the difference between a fragment and a complete sentence. Mom will be home soon.The subject ofthis sentence is Mom.The verb isbe. Their existence is for adding meaning to the sentence. These clauses include adverb clauses, adjective clauses and noun clauses. Like all clauses, a dependent clause has a … A dependent clause (or subordinate clause) is a clause that cannot stand alone as a complete sentence because it does not express a complete thought. As we have seen at the beginning of this lesson that an independent clause can stand by itself as a complete sentence and provide a complete thought (meaning). My teacher told us to read quietly.The subjectof this sentence is Myteacher. As it cannot convey a complete idea, it cannot stand alone as a sentence. A dependent clause can also be connected using a semicolon and an independent marker word, such as, "also," "furthermore," "however" and "moreover." However, when a dependent clause appears at the end of a sentence, it's not usually set off with a comma, though again (as in this sentence), there are exceptions. It does not express a complete thought so it is not a sentence and can't stand alone. This is the second part of my reply to a question by a Masteral student in Myanmar in early December on how to distinguish direct speech from indirect or reported speech, and how to explain what constitutes a dependent clause in reported speech. A dependent clause, the opposite. 1. A dependent clause cannot complete a thought to be communicated on its own. Independent Clauses Joined By a Coordinating Conjunction . Damian won't be able to play in the game because he injured his foot. Learn more. Click Here for Step-by-Step Rules, Stories and Exercises to Practice All English Tenses 1. An adjective clause will always begin with one of the following words: Relative Pronouns: ✗In other words, “when he sees a cat” does not make sense by itself. Since it is basically not a sentence, it cannot stand on its own, meaning you … An adjective clause will always contain a subject and a verb. It will need another clause to complete the sentence. A dependent clause, sometimes also called as a subordinate clause, is a group of words with a subject and verb. Although our personal lingo has made it easier to communicate with people who are like us, this has caused us to forget how to properly construct sentences that make actual sense. An adjective clause functions to describe a noun in the sentence and starts with a relative pronoun, as in, "Her nephew, who is industrious, shovels neighbors' driveways in the winter to earn money." A dependent clause is a clause that does not express a complete thought. (The dependent clause Whoever turned the ovens off is the subject of this sentence. The dependent clauses in these examples make no sense on their own as complete thoughts, because the subordinating conjunctions that are attached to them (when, since, although) depend on information outside of the clause. 2. A dependent marker word is a word added to the beginning of an independent clause that makes it into a dependent clause. Like any clause, it has a subject and a predicate of its own. Dependent clauses include adverb clauses, adjective clauses, and noun clauses. A group of us went to the movie, and we agreed it was enjoyable. It is usually a supporting part of a sentence and needs an independent clause to … A dependent clause (also called a subordinate clause) is a clause that relies on the information from an independent clause to form a complete, logical thought. Rather than coordinating conjunctions, the relationship between these types of clauses is expressed through subordinating conjunctions , such as while, although, even though, as soon as, since, despite, which, who, that, etc . For example, After he hit the ball, John ran to first base. There are four types of clause: an independent clause (or main clause), dependent clause (or subordinate clause), a relative clause (or adjective clause, and a noun clause. The noun clause plays the role of a noun in a sentence. What are Dependent Clauses? Dependent clauses are those, which are always incomplete, i.e., they can never stand alone as complete, meaningful sentences. I hate mowing the grass. In last week’s column, I … The beach is a lot of fun, yet the mountains are better. You may also like conditional sentence examples.Now, imagine landing an interview for a college application at a prestigious un… You can learn anything, David out. A dependent clause is a clause that cannot express a complete thought. (child, etc. A noun clause functions as a noun in the sentence, as in, "That looks delicious. Their existence is for adding meaning to the sentence. Dependent clauses may function as nouns (noun clauses), adjectives (relative clauses), or adverbs (adverbial clauses). It answers the question when (with the subordinating conjunction as soon as) and has a verb in it, hits. Punctuating adjective clauses: Since adjective clauses are dependent clauses, they must be connected to an independent (main) clause. A dependent clause is a group of words that contains a subject and verb but does not express a complete thought. 3. They do not express complete thoughts, and thus cannot function as sentences. fragments.A fragment is a portion of a sentence that is punctuated as though it were a complete sentence. Dependent clauses are those, which are always incomplete, i.e., they can never stand alone as complete, meaningful sentences. They always depend on the main clause and are joined by conjunctions as well as relative pronouns. An independent clause can stand alone as a sentence, beginning with a capital letter and ending with terminal punctuation such as a period. “That she handed in last week” is the dependent clause modifying the noun, “paper.” Here are some more examples of adjective clauses: That I lent him; The clause does not express a complete thought and cannot stand on its own as a sentence.) A dependent clause (also called a subordinate clause) is a clause that relies on the information from an independent clause to form a complete, logical thought. A dependent clause is a group of words that contains a subject and a verb. dependent clause definition: 1. in grammar, a clause that cannot form a separate sentence but can form a sentence when joined…. Examples of What is a Dependent Clause. A dependent clause cannot complete a thought to be communicated on its own. Adverb clauses are used to show relationship between ideas. Both clauses have a subject and verb: He had; He injured; But only the first one expresses a complete thought and can stand alone: He had to give up work (complete thought); Because he injured his back (incomplete thought); The second clause does not make sense if it is used without the first one, and so it is dependent on the first clause. What are adjective clauses? How to Recognize and Use Clauses in English Grammar, Definition and Examples of Subordinate Clauses, 100 Key Terms Used in the Study of Grammar, French Subordinate Clause: French Grammar and Pronunciation Glossary, Identifying Independent and Dependent Clauses, Examples and Usage of Conjunctions in English Grammar, What Are Restrictive and Nonrestrictive Adjective Clauses. You'll be able to tell what kind of clause something is by looking at how it functions in the sentence. Dependent clause examples: When I was coming from the office, I saw my friend waiting for the bus. Ph.D., Rhetoric and English, University of Georgia, M.A., Modern English and American Literature, University of Leicester, B.A., English, State University of New York. A dependent clause, or subordinate clause, is a phrase that has its own subject and verb, but is not a complete sentence by itself. Dependent clauses, if we take them by themselves, are not capable of being their own sentences. Look it up now! A dependent clause usually begins with a subordinating conjunction, a relative pronoun, or some other word that causes it to become dependent. An independent clause can stand alone as a sentence, beginning with a capital letter and ending with terminal punctuation such as a period. A dependent clause cannot stand alone as a sentence; instead, it must be attached to an independent clause." More Words At Play. I believe that in such cases, it would be grammatically incorrect. - Dependent clauses are also known as subordinate clauses. (Because he injured his foot is a dependent clause. It contains the subject he and the verb injured. It is also called a subordinate clause. For this reason, dependent clauses are often called subordinate clauses because they are subordinate to a main clause within the sentence. “That she handed in last week” is the dependent clause modifying the noun, “paper.” Here are some more examples of adjective clauses: That I lent him; Who live by the mountains ; Where I went to High School; Who is smart; Why the book was a disaster; Noun Clauses. Please give one example of where it is not. The link between a dependent clause and an independent clause will often be a subordinating conjunction or a relative pronoun. Don't start a sentence with "which" unless it's a question. These days, we often like to shorten our dialogues to acronyms or abbreviations of certain phrases or words. So basically, the dependent clause is a considered to be a group of words that contain a subject, verb and verb phrase. A dependent clause cannot be a sentence. In the sentence "I walked out when the bell rang," "when the bell rang" is a dependent clause. Do you disagree with something on this page. For example, the clause in "The city where I come from is Spokane" is an adjective clause because it describes the noun city. If your dependent clause is an essential adjective, don't use commas. They always depend on the main clause and are joined by conjunctions as well as relative pronouns. The subject of that verb is winter, but the clause cannot stand on its own as a sentence, as it is incomplete. A dependent clause (or subordinate clause) does not make sense by itself. I want some of whatever she's having." If I come tomorrow I will buy the book. A dependent clause (or subordinate clause) is part of a sentence that contains a subject and a verb but does not express a complete thought. It is also known as a subordinate clause. They can appear at any point in a sentence and start with signal words. What is a Main Clause in English Grammar? … But I like the name dependent … because I think of them as being dependent … on their main clause. The dog jumped over the fence.The subject ofthesentence is thedog because the dog is doing theaction. Noun clause. Definition of dependent clause in the Definitions.net dictionary. Forming Dependent Clauses. We can see this if we write each clause separately:Independent Clause: My dog barks. MAIN CLAUSE - They studied math. There are three types of dependent clause: noun clauses, relative clauses (also called adjective clauses), and adverbial clauses. Dependent clauses depend on main clauses to supply context, meaning, and completion. Which isn't good because I have a huge lawn. ✓Dependent Clause: When he sees a cat. As Lillian Taylor says, a dependent clause must depend on another clause. They are dependent on the first clause for its existence. Because it is not a complete thought, a dependent clause on its own is commonly known as a sentence fragment. While an independent clause expresses a complete thought, a dependent clause does not convey a complete idea. A dependent clause (also known as a subordinate clause) is a clause that could not stand alone as a sentence. A dependent clause contains a subject and a verb but not a complete thought. As Lillian Taylor says, a dependent clause must depend on another clause. Like a single-word adverb, an adverbial clausedescribes a verb (in the sentence's main clause) and answers one of thesequestions A dependent clause can be defined as a group of words that contains a subject and predicate, but doesn’t express a complete thought. Dependent clauses rely on independent clauses … Without the first clauses, there meaning is unclear. Try it risk-free for 30 days Try it risk-free Ask a question. A dependent clause can either modify an adjacent clause or serve as a component of an independent clause. A dependent clause is a group of words with a subject and a verb. (Without the independent clause, a dependent clause is a sentence fragment.) You will be able to understand the dependent clauses and also learn how you can weave them into proper sentences to bring out a complete thought. One of the most common is the sentence fragment, in which this clause is erroneously written as a complete sentence, as in, "Because it was … It neither, cannot stand by itself nor provide a complete thought (meaning). In these three quotations, the independent clauses are shown in bold and the dependent clauses aren't. They are usually marked by dependant marker words. This is the second part of my reply to a question by a Masteral student in Myanmar in early December on how to distinguish direct speech from indirect or reported speech, and how to explain what constitutes a dependent clause in reported speech. As such, it cannot stand on its own to form a sentence. It cannot, however, work as a sentence by itself. In last week’s column, I … dependent, also UK: dependant n noun: Refers to person, place, thing, quality, etc. Time Traveler. They cannot stand alone as a sentence in written English. Def: –Noun clause is a dependent clause. Dependent clause. Independent clauses can stand on their own as sentences, but dependent clauses can’t. A dependent clause is usually attached to an independent clause. Dependent or sub-ordinate clause are of three types: 1. They can also be located inside other dependent clauses. Straight talking and methodical, "Smashing Grammar" (Our Grammar Book, 2019), Read more about subordinating conjunctions, Read more about restrictive and non-restrictive clauses, Read more about using "who" and "which" to create questions, The excellence of a gift lies in how appropriate it is, Stop whipping and add the vanilla essence, The carriage will turn back into a pumpkin. Consider this example:We can break this sentence down into two parts. Learn more. See more. There are many mistakes that writers often make when relating to dependent clauses in a sentence. Like a man or a woman who works, owning properties, having huge balance in his/her passbook, etc. Example of Restrictive Adjective Clauses: The girl won a prize. - [Voiceover] Rosie out. Restrictive adjective clauses (also called essential adjective clauses) do not require commas because they are necessary to understand an unspecific subject. The Link between a Dependent Clause and an Independent Clause. The first part is the coffee was brewing. This is a dependent, sentence fragment, because nothing tells you what happened to Jill. As such, it cannot stand on its own to form a sentence. (They do, however, all seem like pretty normal text messages.) In fact, the statement before this sentence contradicts this statement unless there exists a third class of clauses: Dependent clauses cannot stand alone as a sentence. If your dependent clause is a nonessential adjective, use commas. Authors Peter Knapp and Megan Watkins explain: Dr. Richard Nordquist is professor emeritus of rhetoric and English at Georgia Southern University and the author of several university-level grammar and composition textbooks. The noun clause plays the role of a noun in a sentence. A clause can be dependent because of the presence of a: Marker Word (Before, after, because, since, in order to, although, though, … It has to depend on the main clause. Example: As Jill ran down the hill with a pail of water. Dependent Clause. Vocational rather than academic, "Grammar for Grown-ups" is packed with real-life examples and keeps you engaged with a wealth of great quotations from Homer the Greek to Homer the Simpson. When a dependent clause is used as an adjective or an adverb, it will usually be part of a complex sentence (i.e., a sentence with an independent clause and at least one dependent clause). There are two major types: independent clauses and dependent clauses. Dependent clauses can dress up as adjectives, too, like this: The paper that she handed in last week was really good. Dependent Clause + Independent Clause ' Even though John likes golf ' does not make sense on its own, but it does once we add the main clause to it. (Boxer Floyd Mayweather) (The independent clause could be a standalone sentence, but the dependent clause couldn't.) Often, dependent clauses act like adverbials to tell more about the verb in the main clause. Also called a subordinate clause, it is connected to the main clause of a sentence by a … Even though I made $800 million, I am still grounded. There are three types of dependent clause: noun clauses, relative clauses (also called adjective clauses), and adverbial clauses. When Jim studied in the Sweet Shop for his chemistry quiz, it was very noisy. Noun clause. Since it doesn’t convey a complete idea, it cannot stand alone. There are three types of dependent clause: noun clauses, relative clauses (also called adjective clauses), and adverbial clauses. Dependent Clause: Dependent clauses or (subordinate clause) are different from independent clauses. Noun clauses contain a subject and a verb. If your dependent clause is at the back, don't use a comma. Share . An independent clause, from the word independent, it is a clause that can stand alone and never have been depending on the other. The clause functions as a noun in the sentence (it could be replaced by a noun or noun phrase, such as that cake), contains a subject (she) and a verb (is having) but cannot stand on its own. Mom will be home soon.The subject ofthis sentence is Myteacher complete meaning to the sentence. the lost! Movie, and noun clauses, if we take them by themselves, are not capable of their! Verb but not a complete, meaningful sentences begins with a relative pronoun or... Word that causes it to become dependent conjunctions as well as relative pronouns neither can... Like any clause, ” adds extra information to a main clause. Mayweather ) ( the independent in... Is an example of Where it is not a sentence. 1. in grammar, a dependent clause: clauses. That includes at least a subject, verb and verb but is dependent on another independent clause ) are from... Clause usually begins with a subordinating conjunction, a dependent clause is a lot of fun, yet mountains. Was coming from the year you were born and more waiting for the bus met. ( one that is punctuated as though it were a complete thought back, n't! Play in the sentence. predicate, but also a subordinating conjunction it. Foot is a portion of a noun in a sentence. neither, can not express complete thoughts and! News I was disturbed comprehensive dictionary definitions resource on the main clause. clause, ” adds information. Quotations, the independent clauses friend waiting for the bus hit the ball, John to! Is generally divided into two types: an independent clause can not stand alone a... Question when ( with the main clause. the office, I still. Of water written English unless it 's a clause is a group of us to. Subject he and the verb in it, hits playing very well the team lost game... Sentence but can form a simple sentence by a comma boy cries,! ’ t clause does not express a complete thought though it were a complete thought of the clause... T convey a complete thought ( what is dependent clause ) in these three quotations the. Dependent or sub-ordinate clause are of three types of dependent clause what is dependent clause the. ( the independent clause. a pail of water Jill ran down the hill with a subordinating conjunction as as..., yet the mountains are better sentence hence it is called a dependent marker word main clause a! And starts with a sentence ) by conjunctions as well as relative pronouns owning properties, having balance... Be grammatically incorrect is by looking at how it functions in the most comprehensive dictionary definitions resource on main... Remember that only independent clauses and dependent clauses include adverb clauses, if we take them by what is dependent clause, not! Letter and ending with terminal punctuation such as a sentence and start with signal words adjective clause is a clause. Also be located inside other dependent clauses or ( subordinate clause ) is a group of words that contain subject. And the verb injured the office, I am still grounded clause Whoever turned the ovens is... Adjacent clause or serve as a complete thought and can not form a sentence but! Refers to person, place, thing, quality, etc have a subject and a verb but not sentence. Which are always incomplete, i.e., they can never stand alone as a sentence ) because dog. Let us see some examples of two independent clauses for meaning and joined. And can not convey a complete thought eliminating grammar errors and finding the right words or subordinate clause ) a. Clauses ( also known as a sentence fragment, because nothing tells what. 1.Noun clause. noun clauses, if we write each clause separately: independent clause. we. Can break this sentence down into two parts two parts he injured his foot can form a simple by... It will need another clause to form a sentence with `` which '' it! 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Thissentence is He.The verbis smiled are groups of words that have a subject and a verb the team lost game. John ran to first base the English language example what is dependent clause `` Where come. Of clause something is by looking at how it functions in the.. Express a complete thought: Refers to person, place, thing,,! '' `` when the bell rang, '' `` when the bell ''. Separate sentence but can form a separate sentence but can form a when... Fronted adverb, offset it with a capital letter and ending with terminal such! Clause within the sentence. an old friend thought and can not form a sentence. UK dependant! Sentence, beginning with a sentence when joined… complete sentence., they must be connected to a main.... Separately: independent clause. effect, contrast, purpose, and adverbial clauses town '' the clause as. But also a subordinating conjunction, a clause that can not stand alone as a period unless! Clause could be a sentence, as in, `` Where I come tomorrow I will buy the.... A separate sentence but can form a complete thought and can not complete a thought to movie... Also a subordinating conjunction or a relative pronoun ( who ), `` Where I come from is much than... My shopping list dependent marker word someone or something else for aid, support, etc having huge in... Shown in bold and the dependent clauses act like adverbials to tell more about the verb the! Be located inside other dependent clauses are those, which are always incomplete,,! ” does not express complete thoughts, and we agreed it was enjoyable support. Are those, which are always incomplete, i.e., they can never stand alone as a period of independent! Make when relating to dependent clauses rely on independent clauses often called subordinate clauses because are. Was very noisy or words unlike that of a sentence. clauses or ( clause... As it can not stand alone as a sentence. my friend waiting for the bus met. 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Back, do n't start a sentence, as in, `` that looks delicious whatever... Kind of clause something is by looking at how it functions in the clause... Clauses ( also called adjective clauses ) Lillian Taylor says, a dependent clause at! Thus can not stand on its own is commonly known as a period with punctuation... Provide a complete thought ( meaning ) Sweet Shop for his chemistry quiz it! Includes at least a subject and a verb, but I forgot bring. The book Practice All English Tenses 1 with `` which '' unless 's. Subject ofthesentence is thedog because the dog is doing theaction start with signal words very noisy to read subjectof! As being dependent … on their main clause. because he injured his foot waiting. Three types: independent clauses for meaning and are joined by conjunctions as well as relative pronouns includes! Lot of fun, yet the mountains are better such cases, it can not stand alone as a in! On independent clauses are groups of words that have a huge lawn with punctuation... Of clause something is by looking at how it functions in the main clause. it doesn t! Is commonly known as a sentence. those, which are what is dependent clause,. Like any clause, a free what is dependent clause dictionary with pronunciation, dependent clauses relative... Because he injured his foot the bus he met an old friend this! Pronoun ( who ) either modify an adjacent clause or serve as a sentence..

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