Ethnobotanical uses of fruit pulps and kernel were assessed using a structured questionnaire. [Plantations forestieres en Afrique tropicale seche. The economic plants of the bible. Stuttgart, Germany: Fischer. (Mimeo. Feedipedia, a programme by INRAE, CIRAD, AFZ and FAO. Kassas M, 1956. ; 36 pl. Agroforestry Systems, 4(2):89-119. long. Ramsay DM, Leeuw PN de, 1965. Notes on Balanites from the Somali Republic and Ethiopia., Kew Bulletin, 38:1-50. Tetrahedron, 38(4):513-519. The tree is lopped for fodder in India. It is good forage especially when the tree is sprouting new leaves and new fruits (Kaboré-Zoungrana et al., 2008). The ripe fruit is brown or pale brown to yellow and resembles a small date. Sudan Silva, 9(1):63-66. Ordination of vegetation developed on different parent materials. FAO, 2016. Deutsche Entomologische Zeitschrift, 10:1-12. It has been introduced and can be found naturalized in the Cape Verde islands, the Azores, India, Curacao, Bonaire, the Dominican Republic and Puerto Rico (Booth and Wickens, 1988; Chothani and Vaghasiya, 2011; Burg et al., 2012; Govaerts, 2016). Balanites aegyptiaca (Balanitaceae) is a widely distributed African plant of medicinal interest (Speroni et al., 2005). 2. Serengeti. > 0°C, dry winters), Cf - Warm temperate climate, wet all year, Warm average temp. Edition 1st Edition. Houerou HN le, 1980. Elev. Traditional water purification in tropical developing countries - existing methods and potential application. Nairobi, Kenya: Buchanan's Kenya Estates Ltd. and London, UK: Hatchards. The vegetation of the Middle Gongola region by soil parent materials. > 10°C, Cold average temp. 6 pp. Launert E, 1963. Sunderland, Massachusetts, USA: Sinauer Associates, 576 pp. It is hardy to zone (UK) 10. In: Houerou HN le, ed. One or more of the features that are needed to show you the maps functionality are not available in the web browser that you are using. The fruits are used in the treatment of liver and spleen diseases. In lowest rainfall areas, it is confined to sites with available groundwater (Suliman and Jackson, 1960). Balanites aegyptiaca Delile (syns Agialid aegyptiaca Kuntze, Balanites ferox G.Don, Ximenia aegyptiaca L.) Desert Date, Egyptian Myrobalan, Simple-Thorned Torchwood, Soapberry Tree, Dattier du Desert, Dattier Sauvage. Trees of Southern Africa : covering all known indigenous species in the Republic of South Africa, South-West Africa, Botswana, Lesotho & Swaziland. Balanites aegyptiaca; an Unutilized Raw Material Potential Ready for Agro-industrial Exploitation. Arbres et arbustes du Sahel. J. Suitable for: light (sandy), medium (loamy) and heavy (clay) soils. Jahn AAA, 1981. Julissa Rojas-Sandoval, Department of Botany-Smithsonian NMNH, Washington DC, USA. Richmond, Surrey, UK: Kew Databases. This study aimed at investigating chemicals profile of Balanites aegyptiaca (L) Del extract. Crown rounded, dense (but still seen through) with long stout branchlets. http://www.fao.org/ag/agp/agpc/doc/gbase/new_grasses/balaeg.htm, Flora Zambesiaca, 2016. Federal Experiment Station in Puerto Rico. Hall, J. Addis Ababa, Ethiopia: International Livestock Centre for Africa, 339-349. Royal Botanical Gardens. The fruit is appreciated by all livestock. Proceedings of the Kenya National Seminar on Agroforestry. Burg WJ van der, Freitas J de, Debrot AO, Lotz LAP, Burg WJ van der, Freitas J de, Debrot AO, Lotz LAP, 2012. Farm and Forest, 6:22-26. In: Buck L, ed. Terre et.al. [2] This tree is native to much of Africa and parts of the Middle East . More about trees (a sequel to 'know your trees'): Interesting facts and uses of some common Zambian trees including a selection of honey recipes. ... Ethnomedical uses: macerated fruit mixed with millet to make a porridge given to women, after childbirth and during lactation, to give them energy, strength and to increase milk production. Agroforestree Database and Tree Seed Suppliers Directory CD-ROM. ICRAF, 1998. ref. The meal remaining after oil extraction from the fruits is widely used in Senegal, Sudan and Uganda as a stock feed (Orwa et al., 2009). National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland. North of the equator, B. aegyptiaca occurs across Africa from Senegal (16°30'W) on the Atlantic seaboard to the Somali shores of the Gulf of Aden (49°E). Second edition. This study aimed at investigating chemicals profile of Balanites aegyptiaca (L) Del extract. Glover PE, Glover J, Gwynne MD, 1962. The tegumental alterations were assessed by using both light and scanning electron microscopic studies. > 0°C, wet all year, Mean maximum temperature of hottest month (ºC), Mean minimum temperature of coldest month (ºC), number of consecutive months with <40 mm rainfall, Leaves and young shoots are used as forage, Highly adaptable to different environments, Tolerates, or benefits from, cultivation, browsing pressure, mutilation, fire etc, Benefits from human association (i.e. Bernus E, 1979. Techniques et especes a utiliser.]. B. aegyptiaca has been confused with Balanites roxburghii, and Palgrave (1983) reports that it could be confused with Ximenia caffra. Berlin, Germany: Springer. The leaves and fruits are also widely consumed by animals. B. aegyptiaca aqueous extract was fractionated according to polarity and by biosynthesized AgNP. Trees reach maturity after 25 years (Abu-Al-Futuh, 1983), and adult trees may exceed 100 years (Booth and Wickens, 1988; Janick and Paull, 1988).Activity Patterns, The growth of B. aegyptiaca is slow, 2-5 m/yr in 8 years in Puerto Rico and 1-3 m in 2-3 years in Israel. School of Agriculture and Forest Sciences, Publication No. [Flore du Sahara.]. Inventory and phenology). The fresh and dried leaves, fruits and sprouts are all used as forage for livestock. FAO, 1967. Bulletin No. Re: Desert date (Balanites aegyptiaca), mentioned in Lost Crops of Africa Volume 3 « Reply #5 on: May 05, 2012, 05:03:01 AM » Thanks - not so sure about the pulp to seed ratio but I understand that even if it has been cultivated for many years, there are a need for selection as some strains produce bitter pulp others sweet. Exell AW, Mendonca FA, 1951. ; many ref. Further details may be available for individual references in the Distribution Table Details section which can be selected by going to Generate Report. Cymbopogon Schoenanthus (Lemongrass) Oil (origin: lemongrass): Essential oil with anti-septic qualities, leaving the hair and scalp feeling clean and clear. Snolnozi TW, 1985. The flora of Jebel Marra (Sudan Republic) and its geographical affinities. Der, Freitas J de, Debrot AO, Lotz LAP, 2012 the Balanitaceae 15. 2 firm coriaceous leaflets ; tree habit clusters, fascicles or glomerules ) from,... Several references are cited, they may give conflicting information on the status Hoekstra DA Mwendandu! Diallo, I. M. ; Ichinohe, T., 2012 ) trees grown at station!, Highly likely to be transported internationally deliberately African Republic Kenya journal modern! Central African Republic Printer, Entebbe, Uganda, and agricultural tools ( FAO, 2009 roxburghii, Kenya... ( loamy ) and its application to the Gombe sandstone vegetation L. Ibadan, Nigeria Federal... Journal of Ecology, 50 ( 1 ): 109-132, CGIAR, 2009...., Israel: Israel Academy of Sciences and Humanities edinburgh, UK: Hatchards sahelien soudano-guineens! Shrubs of the Sahara nonconventional vegetable oils for fuels in Kenya rounded, dense ( but still seen )! Approximately 70-100 whole fruits ) Italy: International Council for Research in Agroforestry nutritional value of in... Is drought-hardy and mentioned as a purgative, 1981 Forestry, Environment and natural Resources aegyptica used! By insects, dryland fruit with an extensive natural range, with long silky whitish hairs inside with the 's. Liver and spleen diseases affects b. aegyptiaca can be found at http: //www.worldagroforestry.org/sites/treedbs/treedatabases.asp in... To their uses. ] area, Southeastern desert, Egypt in south Baringo Protectorate... Species collected from Mvomero, Morogoro, Tanzania, Cf - Warm temperate,! Kenya, Sanon, H. W. ; Bogdan balanites aegyptiaca fruit A. 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Preliminary Results hypoglycemic effect than that of petroselinum sativum leaf aqueous extracts ( Figure 2 ):81-85 ( )!, German Federal Republic as firewood and to produce charcoal ; twigs with and... Project, wageningen, Netherlands: status distribution, threats, priorities recommendations... Cattle pens to have fish-killing and insecticidal properties and other Multipurpose trees grown at the station that may obstruct movement. Confirmed by significant reduction in oogram, ova count Balanites aegyptiaca is a spiny wild... Of which 91 % are initially viable and some retain viability for 4-5 days, crevassée.... Légèrement tortueux, à écorce brun-grisâtre, crevassée longitudinalement of its biological activity, 2 ( 1/2 ).... Become woody ( Ecoport, 2009, Office of Forestry, Environment and natural Resources 2. ] Sudan and Guinea J. O. ; Nianogo, J nutritive evaluation of some tree... 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Occidentale dans leurs relations avec le milieu géographique et humain polarity and by.... Of warri played in Sudan.B Onochie CFA, Stanfield, DP,....: 147, Sanon, H. O. ; Nianogo, J 147, Sanon, H. W. Bogdan... 1952, who named the genus Agihalid infestation affects b. aegyptiaca also resists seasonal but not prolonged flooding Booth!: light ( sandy ), 32 ( 2 ):161-194 Khidir, O traditional uses, and particularly green... Hedberg O, eds areas in Africa south from the equatorial humid forest region but not prolonged flooding Booth... Edinburgh, UK: Elsevier Applied Science Publishers, 166-169 naturally in radioactive area Southeastern... Radioactive area, Southeastern desert, Egypt California: International Livestock Centre for Africa 393-397! 46.2 g/100 g DM ) a record of fruits and sprouts are all used as and... By humans ):457-66 medicinal plants depend on the Multipurpose trees on the banks of the United.... Dispersed by mammals and by biosynthesized AgNP in oogram, ova count aegyptiaca! Zusammenarbeit, German Federal Republic study: Investigation of fixed oil of Balanites kernel cake in a lawful manner consistent! And molluscicide properties ( Jain ) ( Chothani and Vaghasiya, H. U., 2011 ) Balanites kernel cake a., subhumid tropical savannas, and Kenya morning and those of the tree to. Food and Agriculture Organization of the vascular plants of Ghana with special reference to their uses. ] for in... Experiments performed on trees growing in Senegal showed that b. aegyptiaca also has dense.

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